Abraham Lincoln: Biography, Speech, Essay, Paragraph
Introduction (Essay on Abraham Lincoln)
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was born on February 12, 1809, to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, a poor family living in Hodgenville, Kentucky, United States. Lincoln’s father refused to own any slaves despite slavery being so common in Kentucky, sowing the seeds of anti-slavery into Abraham Lincoln’s mind from childhood itself. Abraham Lincoln was known as the “Great Emancipator”. “Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves” were his views on slavery. He had gone to school for just one year, enough to learn how to read and write. He started a business which failed. But unlike others, he stayed and worked to pay off his debts, getting the nickname of “Honest Abe”.
Story of Abraham Lincoln (Profile of Abraham Lincoln)
A man who lost his very first election in 1832 when he ran for the Illinois General Assembly came to be known as one of the greatest presidents in the American History. He switched professions as meals but no matter what profession he stepped into, he flourished. Perhaps, he rightly said, “Whatever you are, be a good one”. He moved to Springfield in 1837 where he worked as a lawyer. In 1841, he won a court case in which he represented a black woman and freed her from slavery. He rode a circuit of courts for many years. In 1846, Lincoln joined the Whig Party and was elected to one term in the House of Representatives. Post this, he ignored his political career and again worked as a lawyer. 1854 saw his comeback in politics when he reacted to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Abraham Lincoln was never defeated by his failures. Lincoln ran for Senate against Stephen A Douglas but he lost. In 1858, he wanted to become a senator but was unsuccessful. He went through many ups and downs until he joined the Republican Party and was nominated for the Presidential Election of 1860. The factors that he had no enemies in the party and belonged to a poor family acted as a cherry on the cake and he won the elections with almost no votes in the South.
Abraham Lincoln Role
Abraham Lincoln played a crucial role during the American Civil War between the Confederate States of America and the Union Army. In his whole tenure as President, he worked closely with the military armies and stopped many states from leaving the Union and join the Confederacy. He was not a military man yet he spent days in the War Department. He fired generals who lost battles or were not aggressive enough to keep his hold strong.
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With the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, Lincoln ordered the freedom of all slaves in those states still in rebellion in the Civil War. Starting with a small number initially, he finally freed four million slaves. Lincoln made a famous speech after the battle of Gettysburg in 1863 called the Gettysburg’s Address as a tribute to all the soldiers who lost their lives in the battle. It was here that he recalled liberty and equality as two major weapons of a successful nation. He succeeded in surrendering Robert E Lee, the Confederate General on April 9, 1865, winning the civil war. He also promoted voting rights for blacks.
Conclusion on Abraham Lincoln Biography
He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, becoming the first American to be assassinated. He died with a smile on his face on April 15, 1865. The legend was right when he said:
“It is not the years in your life that matter, it the life in the years that count.”