Profile of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
|10th Prime Minister of India|
19 March 1998 – 22 May 2004
|Deputy||L. K. Advani|
|Preceded by||I. K. Gujral|
|Succeeded by||Manmohan Singh|
16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
|President||Shankar Dayal Sharma|
|Preceded by||P. V. Narasimha Rao|
|Succeeded by||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Minister of External Affairs|
26 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
|Prime Minister||Morarji Desai|
|Preceded by||Yashwantrao Chavan|
|Succeeded by||Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra|
|Born||25 December 1924
Gwalior, Gwalior State, British India (now in Madhya Pradesh, India)
|Died||16 August 2018 (aged 93)
New Delhi, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party(1980–2018)|
|Janata Party (1977–1980)
Bharatiya Jana Sangh(before 1977)
|Alma mater||DAV College, Kanpur (then affiliated with University of Agra)|
|Profession||Writer, politician, poet|
Introduction(Essay on Atal Bihari Vajpayee)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian Politician and writer who served twice as the Prime Minister of India, his first tenure is 13 days in 1996, then for a period of eleven months 1988 to 1999, and the third one is 1998 to 2004. He was born on 24 December 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, His political party is Bhartiya Janta Party, He has completed his education in Lakshmibai college, DAV College, Kanpur. His mother name is Krishna Devi, and His father, Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, was a poet and a schoolmaster in his hometown.
Biography of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Vajpayee was among the founding members of the erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh which he also headed from 1968 to 1972. He was the Ministry of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai. It was the time when Janta government collapsed, Vajpayee restructured the Jana Sangh into the Bhartiya Janta Party in 1980. He was the first Indian prime minister not belonging to the Indian National Congress to serve a full five-year term. At age 93, Vajpayee is currently the oldest living former Indian Prime Minister.
He was conferred India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna by the President of India, in 2014. It was declared by the Modi government in 2014 that Vajpayee’s birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day. Influenced by Babasaheb Apte, he attended the Officers Training Camp of the RSS during 1940–44 and became a “full-time worker” in 1947, technically a pracharak. He gave up studying law due to the partition riots. He was sent as a vistarak (probationary pracharak) to Uttar Pradesh and quickly began working for the newspapers of Deendayal Upadhyaya, Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly), Panchajana (a Hindi weekly) and the dailies Swadesh and Veer Arjun. Vajpayee never married and has remained a bachelor his entire life.
As Prime Minister of India: Achievements
Vajpayee served as the Prime Minister of India between 1996 and 2004 in three non-consecutive terms.
After the fall of the two United Front governments between 1996 and 1998, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and fresh elections were held. The 1998 general elections again put the BJP ahead of others. This time, a cohesive bloc of political parties joined the BJP to form the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), and Vajpayee was sworn in as the Prime Minister.
Nuclear tests & Vajpayee
In May 1998, India conducted five underground nuclear tests in Pokhran desert in Rajasthan, 24 yrs after India conducted its first nuclear test (Smiling Buddha) in 1974. This test is called Pokhran-II. The tests were held just a month after the government had been in power. Something that was planned for and anticipated by the Vajpayee administration.
Kargil War & Vajpayee
It was revealed that militants and non-uniformed Pakistani soldiers (many with official identifications and Pakistan Army’s custom weaponry) had infiltrated into the Kashmir Valley and captured control of border hilltops, unmanned border posts and were spreading out fast. The incursion was centered around the town of Kargil, but also included the Batalik and Akhnoor sectors and artillery exchanges at the Siachen Glacier.
Indian army units were swiftly rushed into Kashmir in response. Operation Vijay, launched in June 1999, saw the Indian military fighting thousands of militants and soldiers in the midst of heavy artillery shelling and while facing extremely cold weather, snow and treacherous terrain at the high altitude. Over 500 Indian soldiers were killed in the three-month-long Kargil War, and it is estimated around 600-4,000 Pakistani militants and soldiers died as well. India pushed back the Pakistani militants and Northern Light Infantry soldiers.
The victory in Kargil bolstered the image of Vajpayee and he was hailed across the country for his bold and strong leadership. On 26 July 2012, designated as ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’, BJP President Nitin Gadkari unveiled a wax statue of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Mumbai. The statue is to be put up at a wax museum in Lonavala.
Books of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee wrote various books, like National Integration, Decisive Days, Dynamics of an open Society, Meri Ekyawan Kavitayein, Twenty-one poems, Four Decades in Parliament and many more.
Demise of Vajpayee
On 16th August 2018, India lost a gem named Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Vajpayee got defeat in a war of life at 93 years of his life. We will miss you.
Quotes of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
“Global interdependence today means that economic disasters in developing countries could create a backlash on developed countries”
“We hope the world will act in the spirit of enlightened self-interest.”