Indira Gandhi – Essay, Biography, Short note, Paragraph, Article
Introduction (Essay on Indira Gandhi)
Indira Gandhi or Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, a paragon she was back in the 20th century for the male-dominated society. She happens to be the first and to date the only woman Prime Minister of the Mother of democracy. Born on 19 Nov 1917 in a Kashmiri Pandit family, she was the only child (with a younger brother who died young) to the Nehru family. She lived with her mother, Kamala Nehru, at the Anand Bhavan. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was the first ever Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
Childhood, education & early life of Indira Gandhi
As a child of a political activist, she experienced a lonesome childhood and was intermittent at school. Her father wasn’t at her side for he would be often incarcerated or involved in political activities and protests against the British. A piece of paper inked with words was the only hope for her communication with her father.
Her education wasn’t settled to sole institution and place. There were leaps in the institutions she studied in. She was a pupil at the Modern School in Delhi, St. Cecilia’s and St. Mary’s Christian convent schools in Allahabad. Also, she attended the International School of Geneva and the Ecole Nouvelle in Bex. She pursued her matriculation in 1934. Later she moved to the Visva-Bharati University in Santiniketan. But fate had some other plans. She shifted to the University of Oxford when she came to Europe to attend her ailing mother.
Post her mother’s demise, she attended the Badminton School in Bristol and later enrolled at the Somerville College in 1937 to discipline history. Her poor Latin failed her first trial and compelled her for the second attempt of the entrance test. At Oxford, she made a remarkable performance in economics, political science and history but her figures in Latin, a compulsory subject, stood poor. In 1940, she made repeated tours to Switzerland for her ill-health which affected her studies drastically. Later in 1941, she dropped her studies at University of Oxford and reverted back to India from Europe.
Political career of Indira Gandhi
For her father being a political figure in the protest against the British, Indira had a profound aptitude to handle political shebang. Indira Gandhi was functional as the President of Congress by the end of the 1950s. Her calibre unfolded when she proved herself auxiliary for the dismissal of the Communist Government in Kerala.
Post her father’s decease, she was appointed as the Rajya Sabha member (upper house of the parliament) in 1964. Life took a turn for her when the 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of India bid farewell to the world. The Congress party found Indira adequate to be the leader of the Congress party over Morarji Desai.
The Congress party, under Indira Gandhi, conquered the first ever elections in India. But soon there was despair among the citizens for the escalating prices of commodities and unemployment. The decision of devaluation of the Indian Rupee was an adversity for the businessman and the consumers of India. Very few are aware of the fact that she was expelled from the party for indiscipline. It was her decisions and the socialist policies that she opted. Her support for V.V. Giri rather than Neelam Sanjiva Reddy as the President Candidate and declaration of Bank nationalization without consulting the finance minister were culminating.
“You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist” – Indira Gandhi
The 1971 War & Indira Gandhi
The world saw the strength of India and Indira when India played a crucial part in the freedom movement of Bangladesh along with the Mukti Bahini (guerrilla resistance movement). India functioned as an ally with the East Pakistan for its freedom from West Pakistan. The Mukti Bahini and its supporters guided the Indian Army by providing them with the information about the movement of Pakistani troops. The West Pakistan Army and its supporting militants began mass assassination of Bengalis and targeted the Hindu minority population. This barbaric act of the West Pakistan army coerced 10 million East Pakistanis to migrate and take refuge in India. India deployed troops to combat West Pakistan army and its supporting militants and liberate East Pakistan to Bangladesh. On 16th December 1971, Pakistan’s Lt. Gen. A.A.K. Niazi signed the Pakistani Instrument of Surrender in Dhaka in front of Lt. Gen. Aurora. It was then Indira Gandhi declared East Pakistan a free nation and renamed it to Bangladesh.
Assassination of Indira Gandhi (Death of Indira Gandhi)
Indira was killed by two of her own guards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, on 31st October 1984 with their service weapons in the garden of the Prime Minister’s residence at 1 Safdarjung Road, New Delhi.
Fun fact: The Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore named her Priyadarshini and hence she is known as Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi.
Conclusion – Speech on Indira Gandhi
Indira had proved her calibre and that a woman can be a leader. She had a tough time in her early life and politics but rising above all makes her an inspiration for others. Her dominance as a political figure was so profound that the opposition leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee hailed her as Goddess Durga.
“Forgiveness is the virtue of the brave” – Indira Gandhi